By Philip Thody
An old advent to the eu Union is a chronological political heritage of ecu integration from the Fifties to the current. it is also a contextualising survey of wider eu background because the 1600s, and locations unification opposed to a heritage of worldwide politics. This truly written advent to the basic heritage, economics and politics of the eu Union assumes no past wisdom. It bargains a close account of the Union with sections on: * how the Union works * simple rules of the Union * arguments over contested practices, together with agriculture * problems with the chilly conflict, expansion, and the function of the USA * language * unmarried eu foreign money With an annotated bibliography, chronology and consultant to the associations of the eu Union, An old creation to the eu Union accommodates the newest examine and targeted remedy of the regulations of the ecu Union.
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Extra info for An Historical Introduction to the European Union
Only in January 1966 was the problem solved, and even then on what has proved to be a fairly contentious basis. By what was known as the ‘Luxembourg compromise’, a member state was allowed to veto any proposition which it judged to be opposed to its ‘national interests’, and in the sense that this compromise marked a victory for ‘l’Europe des Patries’ favoured by the French over the more federalist concepts preferred by the Belgians or the Germans, de Gaulle can be said to have gained as clear a victory as he had already done in his 1963 veto of the British application for membership, and was to win again in 1967.
In the 1950s, 70 per cent of the energy needs of Western Europe were met by coal, and no country could have an effective army without steel. If the coal mines and steel mills of France and Germany were brought under international control, Monnet argued, it would become physically impossible for the two countries to go to war with each other again, and Robert Schuman agreed. The British, however, for reasons discussed below, did not accept the invitation to become one of the founder members of the organisation which was eventually, in 1991, to give birth to the European Union.
It was not until after de Gaulle’s retirement from office in 1969, and replacement by Georges Pompidou, that the negotiations which led to Great Britain’s final acceptance on 1 January 1973 could get underway. Before then, however, a further crisis set France at odds with its five cosignatories of the Treaty of Rome in 1957. Neither West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Belgium or the Netherlands had supported de Gaulle’s veto on British application for membership, and there was a comparable lack of support for France’s attitude in the crisis sparked off by the proposal, put forward in June 1965, by the first President of the European Commission, Walter Hallstein, to create a more independent Community budget.
An Historical Introduction to the European Union by Philip Thody