By Ian D. Armour
A historical past of japanese Europe 1740-1918: Empires, countries and Modernisation offers a entire, authoritative account of the quarter in the course of a stricken interval that complete with the 1st global battle. Ian Armour specializes in the 3 significant subject matters that experience outlined jap Europe within the smooth interval - empire, nationhood and modernisation - while chronologically tracing the emergence of jap Europe as a different notion and position. specific assurance is given to the Habsburg, Ottoman, German and Russian Empires that struggled for dominance in this time.
In this fascinating re-creation, Ian Armour contains findings from new learn into the character and origins of nationalism and the makes an attempt of supranational states to generate dynastic loyalties in addition to suggestions of empire. Armour's insightful advisor to early japanese Europe considers the real figures and governments, analyses the numerous occasions and discusses the socio-economic and cultural advancements which are an important to a rounded knowing of the quarter in that era.
Features of this re-creation include:
* a completely up to date and enlarged bibliography and notes
* 8 invaluable maps
* up-to-date content material in the course of the text
A background of jap Europe 1740-1918 is the best textbook for college students learning jap eu history.
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Additional info for A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation
By the time serious efforts were being made to impose enlightened reform, however, the consciousness of possessing a different culture, rooted in one’s own language, was more widely distributed among some East European peoples, or at least among their elites. Thus Enlightenment itself helped stimulate national consciousness by provoking a reaction against its homogenising aspects; the uproar in Hungary in the 1780s when Joseph II imposed German as the language of state is the clearest example of this.
The revolutionary wars of the 1790s not only caused a major upheaval in the international order but also introduced the disruptive new element of War, Enlightenment and Nationalism ideological conflict and political radicalism, even in far-off Eastern Europe. Even more explosively, the example of the French nation in arms gave a long-term impetus to East European nationalism, which is impossible to underestimate, even if its immediate effects must not be exaggerated. EAST EUROPEAN WAR AND DIPLOMACY Relations between states in this period continued to be violently selfregulatory.
Russia’s expansion was also made at the expense of two old enemies to its west, Sweden and Poland–Lithuania. Of the two, Sweden posed more of an active threat, in that on two occasions it tried to regain the Baltic territories it had lost to Russia in the Great Northern War. By 1741, however, when the first of these attempts was made, the positions of the two powers were clearly reversed, and by the Treaty of Åbo (1743) Sweden was obliged to cede a further slice of Finnish territory to Russia. In 1788, Gustavus III of Sweden took advantage of Russia’s Turkish war to mount yet another attack, but even with the diplomatic support of Prussia the Swedes could not break Russia’s naval power in the Baltic, and this war ended in stalemate in 1790.
A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation by Ian D. Armour